Wednesday, Sept. 3, 2014

Have a safe day!

Wednesday, Sept. 3

3:30 p.m.

4 p.m.
Fermilab Colloquium - One West
Speaker: Peter Graham, Stanford University
Title: Gravitational Wave Detection with Atom Interferometry

Thursday, Sept. 4

11 a.m.
Intensity Frontier Seminar Series - WH8XO
Speaker: Tyce DeYoung, Michigan State University
Title: Neutrino Physics with IceCube and PINGU


3:30 p.m.

Click here for NALCAL,
a weekly calendar with links to additional information.

Ongoing and upcoming conferences at Fermilab


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Wilson Hall Cafe

Wednesday, Sept. 3

- Breakfast: breakfast casserole
- Breakfast: ham, egg and cheese English muffin
- Chicken cordon bleu
- Smart cuisine: herbed pot roast
- Italian lasagna
- Turkey bacon panino
- Mongolian beef or chicken stir fry
- Chunky broccoli cheese soup
- Texas-style chili
- Assorted calzones

Wilson Hall Cafe menu

Chez Leon

Wednesday, Sept. 3
- Spinach- and feta- stuffed portobello mushrooms
- Poppy seed fruited slaw
- Blackberry crumb cake

Friday, Sept. 5

Chez Leon menu
Call x3524 to make your reservation.


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More than 150 attend second joint Argonne-Fermilab small-business fair

A small-business owner raises a question at last week's Argonne-Fermilab small-business fair. Photo: Wes Agresta, Argonne National Laboratory

What do you call more than 150 local small-business representatives in one room, forging connections with two national laboratories? If you're the organizers of the "Doing Business with Argonne and Fermi National Laboratories" small-business fair, you call it a good start.

On Thursday, Aug. 28, Illinois' two national laboratories — Argonne and Fermi national laboratories — joined forces for the second year in a row to host their popular small-business fair. Held at Argonne's Theory and Computing Science Building, the fair is an effort to reach out to local small businesses and startups and let them know about opportunities available to them.

That includes subcontracts as well as technology transfer and grant opportunities. This fiscal year to date, both labs have spent a combined $505 million in total procurements with the private sector. Of that $505 million, 46 percent, or more than $230 million, has gone to the small-business community.

Both laboratories have strong track records, but both want to continue reaching out to the business community.

The annual business fair is one way the labs are accomplishing this. Described by organizer Lee Zachos, Argonne's small business program manager, as "one-stop shopping" for local business owners, the event included sessions on bidding for contracts, working with technology transfer departments and establishing contacts at both laboratories.

During an opening presentation, Argonne Laboratory Director Peter Littlewood highlighted the laboratories' significant impact to the local economy.

"Our scientific facilities combined create and support nearly 1,000 jobs throughout the state of Illinois," Littlewood said. "Last year, the combined total of Argonne and Fermilab's economic output in Illinois was more than $1 billion." Fermilab Deputy Director Joseph Lykken also mentioned the Illinois Accelerator Research Center, a new Fermilab endeavor that will offer further partnership opportunities to local businesses once it opens next year.

"It is our connection to local businesses that make these projects possible," Lykken said.

This year's event included a session featuring success stories from last year's inaugural fair. Representatives from five local businesses shared their experiences working with both Argonne and Fermilab, discussing various partnership opportunities they pursued with both laboratories after attending the first event last August. Also in attendance were U.S. Representatives Tammy Duckworth (8th District) and Mike Quigley (5th District), along with Patrick Doggett, a field representative for Rep. Adam Kinzinger (16th District).

The response to the small-business fair has been overwhelming, according to organizers, and there is already a waiting list for next year's event. Argonne and Fermilab plan to continue these fairs on an annual basis.

Andre Salles

Video of the Day

Particle detectors subatomic bomb squad

The manner in which particle physicists investigate collisions in particle accelerators is a puzzling process. Using detectors, scientists are able to somehow reconstruct the collisions and convert that information into physics measurements. In this video, U.S. CMS Education and Outreach Coordinator Don Lincoln sheds light on this mysterious technique. In a surprising analogy, he draws a parallel between experimental particle physics and bomb squad investigators and uses an explosive example to illustrate his points. View the video. Video: Fermilab
In the News

Life after the collider

From The Architect's Newspaper, Aug. 27, 2014

Upon accepting the commission to design a new office building at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, architect Carol Ross Barney found herself at the crossroads of art and science, this time set curiously in the prairielands of rural Illinois.

Located 35 miles west of Chicago in Batavia, Fermilab houses what was once the largest particle accelerator in the world. It is defined by what Barney called "a strong artistic and architecture bent," which is seen in the unique buildings and somewhat notional sculptures that dot Fermi's 6,800-acre campus. "That was the environment that we had to fit into," said Barney.

Read more

In the News

China pursues 52 km collider project

From Physics World, Aug. 26, 2014

Particle physicists in China have unveiled plans to build a huge 52 km particle collider that would smash electrons and positrons together to study the Higgs boson in unprecedented detail. The so-called "Higgs factory", if given government approval, would be built by 2028 and put the country at the forefront of international particle physics.

Researchers are currently preparing a proposal to the government to carry out a full R&D study into the machine, which they envisage having an energy of 250 GeV. However, Yifang Wang, director of the Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP) in Beijing, warns that the project is still in its infancy. "We are still at a very early stage of the discussion and we have a long way to go to get government support," says Wang.

Read more

From the Technical Division

Leading the way in superconducting magnets and accelerators

Hasan Padamsee

Hasan Padamsee, head of the Technical Division, wrote this column.

I feel very fortunate to head the Technical Division in this era of exciting accelerator technology developments. Our division holds the keys to enabling technologies for frontier accelerators, both in magnet development and accelerator cavities.

Our niobium titanium magnet program will guide intense muon beams for precision experiments to determine whether muons, which belong to the lepton family, can spontaneously change into other leptons — specifically electrons — just as neutrinos can change into other neutrinos. The magnets for the Mu2e experiment will be wound with 45 miles of superconducting cable.

Our Nb3Sn magnet advances will enable planned upgrades to LHC luminosity guided by the LARP program, led by Giorgio Apollinari. Our Nb3Sn and high-temperature superconductor high-field magnet program, led by Alexander Zlobin, could enable a roughly 100-TeV proton-proton collider, a most powerful tool for future high-energy physics.

As an expert in superconducting radio-frequency acceleration technology, or SRF, I was thrilled to join Fermilab in June because I saw how the division mastered our new technology to build up the infrastructure and expertise through the International Linear Collider R&D program, which ran under the leadership of Bob Kephart and previous Technical Division Head Dave Harding. To our delight, the SRF Department, led by Slava Yakovlev, had prepared some of the best niobium cavities and assembled them into the world's highest-gradient ILC cryomodule, with a gradient of 31.5 megavolts per meter. Thus the division played a huge role in getting SRF technology ready for the ILC, if and when it will be built.

A major consequence of the SRF successes is the decision to upgrade LCLS, the world-class light source at SLAC, using SRF technology. While the ILC must be a pulsed accelerator with a one percent duty factor, meaning that the RF power remains on for only one percent of the time, the LCLS-II light source must run continuously to keep its users happy. Continuous operation is now made economically feasible thanks to spectacular discoveries from the Technical Division.

Anna Grassellino and Alexander Romanenko discovered new phenomena in SRF that will raise the Q values — measures of how efficiently a cavity stores energy — of ILC-type accelerating cavities from 10 billion to nearly 30 billion. To appreciate the significance of such high Qs, imagine that Galileo's pendulum oscillator — in the year 1600 — had a Q of 30 billion. It would still be oscillating today and would continue to oscillate to the year 2800! Such high Qs arise thanks to minuscule RF losses, which make it affordable to run superconducting cavities in LCLS-II continuously. The division is gearing up to provide 17 ILC-type cryomodules with 136 cavities, as well as two cryomodules with higher-frequency cavities.

To reap the benefits at home, SRF is also the foundation of a brand new accelerator, called PIP-II, to be constructed at Fermilab to provide the world's best neutrino beams. PIP-II will be built in collaboration with other labs to provide a 1-megawatt proton beam accelerated by an 800-MeV superconducting linac. The linac will contain almost 20 cryomodules with more than 110 SRF cavities. The prototype cavities have been constructed and tested successfully, and the first prototype cryomodules will be assembled next year.

Both superconducting magnets and superconducting RF have brilliant futures at Fermilab. I am proud to lead these exciting developments to keep Fermilab at the frontier of high-energy physics.

Photo of the Day

Sunset on a cloudy day

Clouds are scattered across the sky as the sun sets over Fermilab. Photo: Glenn Vallone, ESH&Q
Safety Update

ESH&Q weekly report, Sept. 2

This week's safety report, compiled by the Fermilab ESH&Q Section, contains one incident.

An employee was stung by a flying insect above the left eye. He received first-aid treatment.

Find the full report here.


Today's New Announcements

Weight management class - register by Sept. 11

Art gallery talk - today

International folk dancing Thursdays at auditorium through Sept. 4, then at Kuhn Barn

English country dancing Sunday afternoon at Kuhn Barn - Sept. 7

Users Executive Committee election voting deadline Sept. 8

NBI 2014 Workshop - Sept. 23-26

Scottish country Tuesday evenings at Kuhn Barn

TeX Users Group journal

Outdoor soccer

Batavia Smashburger employee discount