Benefits of LBNF, DUNE and PIP-II

Particle physics is a global discovery science central to today’s modern innovation ecosystem. R&D, construction and operation of the international LBNF/DUNE and PIP-II particle physics projects will drive progress in science and industry around the world — with benefits for all.


Global megascience projects like LBNF/DUNE and PIP-II rely on the skills, expertise and industries of partners around the world to develop and build their massive, complex instruments. In this successful model — also used to build CERN’s Large Hadron Collider and its four experiments — high-tech components and software are researched, developed, constructed and tested at universities, laboratories and companies in dozens of partner countries. Finished components are then delivered to the host laboratory for final assembly and integration.

This globally distributed model ensures that construction of LBNF/DUNE and PIP-II will have direct and immediate economic benefits in each of the partner countries through equipment and supply purchases from local companies, and the local jobs supported to research, construct and test the software and equipment.


The new skills acquired by local scientists, students, technicians and industry professionals in building components and programming software will help grow each country’s economy, as those skills are put to work improving future scientific, technological and societal endeavors.


Scientists working on LBNF/DUNE and PIP-II are pushing the boundaries of technology to build the powerful accelerators and massive, ultracold detectors that will uncover the secrets of neutrinos. Tools and technologies developed for previous particle physics experiments power next-generation medical imaging devices, enable advanced cargo screening for safer borders, monitor the cores of nuclear reactors, manufacture customized medical implants, and treat cancer. R&D is going on today to develop new ways to apply particle physics technologies and techniques to treat wastewater without using harmful chemicals, extend the life of highway surfaces, build quantum computers, and much more. Advances in particle accelerator, particle detector and computing technologies needed for LBNF, DUNE and PIP-II hold the promise of revolutionizing tomorrow’s energy, environment, medical diagnostic and treatment, and industrial processes. Examples include:

  • Ultrasensitive particle imaging technology of massive size
  • Advanced computing technology for pattern recognition
  • Development of electronics for use in ultracold environments
  • Advancing materials science, drug discovery, biological science research using light sources powered by next-generation SRF accelerators
  • Chemical-free treatment of wastewater using intense particle beams
  • Extending the life of highway surfaces using compact, mobile SRF accelerators

Education and training

LBNF/DUNE and PIP-II will help build the STEM workforce needed for tomorrow’s high-tech global economy. The R&D, construction, assembly and testing of components and computing technologies will train scientists, students, technicians and industry professionals in each partner country on the latest technologies. University physics students from every DUNE partner country will perform research and receive unparalleled training opportunities in cutting-edge scientific environments. DUNE scientists around the world are engaged in education and outreach programs with students and the public, inspiring future generations of STEM professionals and raising global science literacy.

Read more about other STEM professions

In the host country

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermilab, located in Batavia, Illinois, is the host laboratory for LBNF/DUNE and will be home to its powerful accelerator complex and neutrino beam, the DUNE near-site particle detector, and the central computing infrastructure for the project. The Sanford Underground Research Facility, located in Lead, South Dakota, will be home to the vast DUNE far detector one mile underground.

In 2016, Anderson Economic Group, LLC conducted an economic impact study to calculate the projected economic benefit for the two U.S. host states over the project’s 10-year construction period.

The study estimated that Illinois would see a total economic output of $1.2 billion associated with the LBNF/DUNE project, including $593 million in income for Illinois households. In South Dakota, the total economic output associated with the project is estimated at $952 million, with $340 million in income for South Dakota households. The number of jobs created by the project is estimated to peak at 1,859 in South Dakota in the year 2020, and 2,084 in Illinois in 2024.

Economic benefits will also be felt by the more than 25 additional U.S. states and countries partnering in the DUNE scientific collaboration, as local companies and universities develop, build and test high-tech detector components and software.

Broader benefits of particle physics and accelerator technology

Read more: Particle physics and society

Particle physics makes a difference in your life

Report: Study on the economic impacts of LBNF and DUNE in Illinois and South Dakota