Fermilab TodayThursday, August 10, 2006  
Thursday, August 10
2:15 p.m. Hadron Collider Physics Summer School Open Lecture - Auditorium
Speaker: R. Dixon, Fermilab
Title: Physics with Accelerators - 2
2:30 p.m. Theoretical Physics Seminar - Curia II
Speaker: P. Hernandez, Universidad de Valencia
Title: Exploring the Origin of the I = ½ Rule in Lattice QCD
3:30 p.m. DIRECTOR'S COFFEE BREAK - 2nd Flr X-Over
3:45 p.m. Hadron Collider Physics Summer School Open Lecture - Auditorium
Speaker: M. Shapiro, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Title: Simple and Compound Objects - 1
4:00 p.m. Accelerator Physics and Technology Seminar
Speaker: R. Johnson, Muons, Inc.
Title: Muon Beam Cooling for Colliders, Neutrino Factories, and Experiments

Friday, August 11
2:15 p.m. Hadron Collider Physics Summer School Open Lecture - Auditorium
Speaker: M. Shapiro, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Title: Simple and Compound Objects - 2
3:45 p.m. Hadron Collider Physics Summer School Open Lecture - Auditorium
Speaker: T. Sjöstrand, Lund University
Title: Theory of Hadronic Collisions - 1

Click here for a full calendar with links to additional information.

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Thursday, August 10
-Southwestern Chicken Tortilla
-Philly Style Cheese Steak
-Garlic Herb Roasted Pork
-Tomato Basil Chicken Parmesan
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Wilson Hall Cafe Menu
Thursday, August 10
-Seafood Salad
-Veal Saltimbocca
-Julienne of Peppers, Onions and Basil
-Hazelnut Cake w/Crème Anglais

Wednesday, August 16
-Chicken Sate' w/Peanut Sauce
-Marinated Oriental Salad
-Coconut Cake
Chez Leon Menu
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Oddone outlines 'The Way Forward' in talk on ILC
Click image to see the slides from Oddone's talk (pdf file).
In a talk yesterday, Pier Oddone described the direction of High Energy physics in the world, the nation and at Fermilab. He touched on the importance of reports such as "Rising Above the Gathering Storm" and "EPP2010" for US HEP, and noted that Europe and Japan have followed suit with recent reports on HEP priorities in their regions.

Oddone also described the recommendations of the P5 panel for the United States: to keep the ILC and LHC the highest priority while supporting four new projects for FY08, including the Dark Energy Survey; a more advanced Cryogenic Dark Matter Search; the Daya Bay neutrino experiment in China; and the NOvA experiment, which will study neutrinos sent from Fermilab to Minnesota. "We have a large role to play in NOvA," he said.

Oddone went on to describe R&D efforts for the ILC at Fermilab, outlining the $25-million investment the lab has made in the current fiscal year. He emphasized the need for unified, international support, saying, "all regions should stay strong."

Streaming video of the talk is available online.
--Siri Steiner

CMS Silicon Detector: Mission Accomplished!
The final set of CMS tracker outer barrel silicon detectors left Lab B for delivery to the CERN laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland.
On August 8, Fermilab shipped the last set of CMS silicon detector components to CERN. According to Project Leader Lenny Spiegel, Fermilab constructed over 2,700 modules, from November 2004 to January 2006.

The outer barrel of the CMS tracker system relies on silicon microstrip detectors to detect particle tracks with great precision. A group of U.S. institutes assumed the responsibility to build all the CMS microstrip modules. Half of them were built at Fermilab and the other half at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

At Fermilab, the production relied on the work and expertise of the Silicon Detector Center technical staff, augmented by personnel from other Fermilab groups as well as the University of Rochester. The modules were assembled in groups of six or twelve into rods--thin carbon fiber support structures--and underwent an extensive burn-in process.

"The burn-in is necessary to give experimenters the confidence that the modules will operate successfully at minus ten degrees Celsius," said Spiegel. "It is an essential step in making sure that the modules survive the expected 10-year running period of CMS."

The modules were air-shipped to CERN in large crates holding up to 40 rods. The assembly of the CMS tracker is in progress.

"Our mission is not over," said Deputy Project Leader Hans Jensen. "The rods need to be integrated into the CMS Outer Barrel support structure; the support structure combined with the other major tracking systems; and the entire tracker installed underground at the CMS experiment site. There is still a lot of hard work ahead, including the start-up of operations. But it is nice to see that the work at Fermilab is complete."

A typical CMS tracker outer barrel double-sided rod, mounted on an assembly fixture in the Lab C clean room. Three sets of silicon detectors are attached to the top side and three sets are attached to the bottom side of the carbon fiber support frame.
In the News
ABC News Online
August 9, 2006:

Big Bang machine gears up for atomic smash
Scientists are close to finishing a machine that is aimed at recreating what they think happened at the beginning of the universe.

One hundred metres under the French-Swiss border, scientists are preparing for their own version of the Big Bang.

Researchers from the the CERN Laboratory in Geneva are working on what is known as the Large Hedron Collider (LHC).
Read More

Fermilab Result of the Week
Weighing a firecracker
The top mass versus the largest uncertainty in its measurement, the jet energy scale (JES). This is the single best top mass measurement providing the largest weight in the world top mass average.
Imagine trying to weigh a lit firecracker with a short fuse. If the firecracker weighed the same as a gold atom, but was much smaller in size and it decayed faster than any other known particle, then you'd be close to imagining the challenge of measuring the top quark mass.

To measure the top quark mass, physicists need to add up the mass and energy of all the pieces produced in its decay. One major complication in this measurement is that the quarks produced in the decay appear in the detector as broad showers of particles called "jets," which only approximate the original quark energy and direction. The lack of certainty in the jet energies contributes the most to the uncertainty in the top quark mass measurement.

To decrease the overall uncertainty, all of the available detector measurements from each top quark decay are combined into a precise equation. The complicated equation relates the quantities measured from the CDF detector to all of the possible arrangements of top quark production and decay in order to determine the most probable value of the top quark mass.

Using this approach, CDF has analyzed one inverse femtobarn of data taken from 2002 to 2006 to measure the top quark mass to be 170.9 +- 2.5 GeV, achieving a precision of 1.5 percent. This single measurement is the most precise top quark mass measurement to date. Combining the best CDF and DZero measurements in all the top decay channels, the average value for the top mass is 171.4 +- 2.1 GeV. The new CDF measurement contributes about 60 percent to this world average.

The value of the top quark mass is important because it helps constrain the mass of a particle predicted by the Standard Model but not yet observed, the Higgs boson. Current top mass measurements are encouraging to physicists looking for the Higgs: the results suggest that first signs of the Higgs are within reach of the four to eight inverse femtobarns of data scheduled to be collected at the Tevatron. Physicists eagerly await new top quark mass measurements from the Tevatron, which are now expected to reach nearly 1-GeV final precision.

Clockwise : Florencia Canelli (Fermilab), Brian Mohr, Jay Hauser, Rainer Wallny (UCLA).
 Result of the Week Archive

Accelerator Update
August 7 - 9
- Three stores provided 32 hours and 30 minutes of luminosity.
- Water leaks and bad pump motors.

Read the Current Accelerator Update
Read the Early Bird Report
View the Tevatron Luminosity Charts

Hadron Collider Physics Summer School gets started
Fermilab Deputy Director Young-Kee Kim talked about using skills honed from working on the Tevatron for the next generation of hadron physics at the LHC.
The nine-day Hadron Collider Physics Summer School started yesterday. The first public lecture, titled "Physics with Accelerators," was given by AD Head Roger Dixon at 2:30 p.m. Fermilab Deputy Director Young-Kee Kim followed with a lecture titled "Passing the baton: Tevatron-LHC team." A full HCPS schedule is available online, and you can find a distilled list of this week's public lectures here. If you can't make it to the lectures, watch them online.
Note to travelers
Due to last night's arrests in conjunction with a plot to detonate explosives on transatlantic flights, airport security has been heightened. If you plan to travel by air today, please allow extra time for airport security.
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